Categories
Uncategorized

Importance of Employee Relations – Why Employee Relations at Workplace?

Every individual at the workplace shares a certain relationship with his fellow workers. Human beings are not machines who can start working just at the push of a mere button. They need people to talk to, discuss ideas with each other and share their happiness and sorrows. An individual cannot work on his own, he needs people around. If the organization is all empty, you will not feel like sitting there and working. An isolated environment demotivates an individual and spreads negativity around. It is essential that people are comfortable with each other and work together as a single unit towards a common goal.

It is important that employees share a healthy relation with each other at the work place. Let us find out why employee relations are important in an organization:

 

  • There are several issues on which an individual cannot take decisions alone. He needs the guidance and advice of others as well. Sometimes we might miss out on important points, but our fellow workers may come out with a brilliant idea which would help us to achieve our targets at a much faster rate. Before implementing any plan, the pros and cons must be evaluated on an open forum where every employee has the right to express his opinions freely. On your own, you will never come to know where you are going wrong, you need people who can act as critic and correct you wherever you are wrong. If you do not enjoy a good relation with others no one will ever come to help you. 

     

  • Work becomes easy if it is shared among all. A healthy relation with your fellow workers would ease the work load on you and in turn increases your productivity. One cannot do everything on his own. Responsibilities must be divided among team members to accomplish the assigned tasks within the stipulated time frame. If you have a good rapport with your colleagues, he will always be eager to assist you in your assignments making your work easier. 

     

  • The organization becomes a happy place to work if the employees work together as a family. An individual tends to lose focus and concentration if his mind is always clouded with unnecessary tensions and stress. It has been observed that if people talk and discuss things with each other, tensions automatically evaporate and one feels better. Learn to trust others, you will feel relaxed. One doesn’t feel like going to office if he is not in talking terms with the person sitting next to him. An individual spends around 8-9 hours in a day at his workplace and practically it is not possible that one works non stop without a break. You should have people with whom you can share your lunch, discuss movies or go out for a stroll once in a while. If you fight with everyone, no one will speak to you and you will be left all alone. It is important to respect others to expect the same from them. 

     

  • An individual feels motivated in the company of others whom he can trust and fall back on whenever needed. One feels secure and confident and thus delivers his best. It is okay if you share your secrets with your colleagues but you should know where to draw the line. A sense of trust is important. 

     

  • Healthy employee relations also discourage conflicts and fights among individuals. People tend to adjust more and stop finding faults in each other. Individuals don’t waste their time in meaningless conflicts and disputes, rather concentrate on their work and strive hard to perform better. They start treating each other as friends and try their level best to compromise and make everyone happy. 

     

  • A healthy employee relation reduces the problem of absenteeism at the work place. Individuals are more serious towards their work and feel like coming to office daily. They do not take frequent leaves and start enjoying their work. Employees stop complaining against each other and give their best 

     

  • It is wise to share a warm relation with your fellow workers, because you never know when you need them. You may need them any time. They would come to your help only when you are nice to them. You might need leaves for some personal reasons; you must have a trusted colleague who can handle the work on your behalf. Moreover healthy employee relations also spread positivity around. 

It is essential that employees are comfortable with each other for better focus and concentration, lesser conflicts and increased productivity.

Categories
Uncategorized

Inventory management performance

Inventory management performance in machine tool SMEs: What factors do influence them? Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are one of the principal driving forces in the development of an economy because of its significant contribution in terms of number of enterprises, employment, output and exports in most developing as well as developed countries. But SMEs, particularly in developing countries like India, face constraints in key areas such as technology, finance, marketing and human resources. Moreover these SMEs have been exposed to intense competition since early 1990s because of globalization. However, globalization, the process of continuing integration of the countries in the world has opened up new opportunities for SMEs of developing countries to cater to wider international market which brings out the need for these SMEs to develop competitiveness for their survival as well as growth. It is observed from literature that pursuing appropriate IM practice is one of the ways of acquiring competitiveness among others, by effectively managing and minimizing inventory investment. Inventory management can therefore be one of the crucial determinants of competitiveness as well as operational performance of SMEs in inventory intensive manufacturing industries. The key issue is whether Indian SMEs pursue better IM practices with an intension to reduce their inventory cost and enhance their competitiveness. If so, what are the IM practices pursued by these enterprises? What are the factors which influence the inventory cost and IM performance of enterprises? These questions have been addressed in this study with reference to machine tool SMEs located in the city of Bangalore, India.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) occupy a place of strategic importance in developing as well as developed countries owing to its considerable contribution to national income, employment, exports, and entrepreneurship development (Visvanathan &Kumar, 1999). The competition due to economic reforms and globalization has put more pressure on SMEs (Huin, 2004). ScullyandStanley(1994) argue that in order to survive in the competitive environment, SMEs must gear up themselves towards developing and sustaining a competitive advantage through high-quality, low cost products, with their limited resources. It is observed from literature that making use of appropriate Inventory Management (IM) practices is one of the ways to acquire competitiveness among others (Sprague &Walker, 1996). To survive in the competitive environment, SMEs must practice integrated IM and capacity utilization to achieve quality and cost reduction (Ricklavely, 1996).Zeng and Hayya (1999) described the major functions of inventory as: (1) to support and provide necessary inputs for manufacturing; and (2) to protect companies against uncertainties that arise from such cases as discrepancy between demand and production, machine deterioration, and human errors, among others. They further argue that inventory cost (ordering and holding expenses) and inventory turnover (a measure of how effectively inventories are being managed) are very important in deciding the IM strategy of firms. IM has significance in an inventory intensive manufacturing industry, because effective IM will enable an enterprise to minimize inventory cost on the one hand and avoid the consequence of shortage of materials on the other. This assumes significance in the particular context of SMEs, because excess inventory andshortage of materials are often the two main problems found in SMEs regarding IM (Eloranta &Raisanen, 1988). What are the factors that influence the inventory costs in SMEs? What are the factors that influence their ITRs? Is there any relationship between inventory cost and ITR? Apparently no study has attempted to answer these questions in the context of Indian SMEs. Therefore the objective of this paper is to bridge this gap in the context of machine tool SMEs in Bangalore. The paper is organized in five

 

Categories
Uncategorized

Hotel employees’ perspective

Empowerment: Hotel employees’ perspective , An empowered worker is a knowledgeable worker. Thus, the aims of this study were to examine how empowerment is perceived by the front-line hotel employees and secondly, to identify the factors affecting empowerment within the industry. Factors such as communication, coaching, participation, training and reward were examined for any significant relationship with empowerment, along with whether the employee’s socio-demographic characteristics affected their perceptions of empowerment. The findings indicated that except for gender, socio-demographic factors were not a strong influence on the diffusion of empowerment among employees. In order to ensure that the employees feel empowered, factors such as communication, coaching, participation, training and reward should be given due attention by the management. Based on the findings Hotel employees’ perspective, implications for companies are discussed and further research is suggested.

 

Categories
Uncategorized

Transition to lean accounting

An accounting system to support process improvements: Transition to lean accounting, From the last two decades of the 20th Century on, many companies have adopted production strategies that could be termed “lean manufacturing”. Lean team leaders state that traditional costing systems fail to properly assess their operational improvements and therefore ask for new cost accounting methods. The search for a new accounting paradigm has led to important applied research and several accounting methods. In this paper we are going to show the state of the art in costing techniques used in companies that adopt lean manufacturing practices and we will be presenting an additional costing method, based on Activity-Based Costing, intended to cast light on the operational improvements achieved in companies that are just starting a maturity path towards lean manufacturing. This article examines how the approach is applied in the context of a manufacturing company.

The first objective of this paper is to present state-of-the-art uses of costing techniques to assess process improvements. Companies adopt lean manufacturing strategies (Sugimori, Kusunoki,Cho,& Uchikawa, 1977; Womack & Jones, 1996) in search of improvements in productivity, quality, flexibility, delivery speed and cost (Womack, Jones,& Ross, 1990; Sriparavastu & Gupta, 1997). However, those companies may find that lean practices lead to operational improvements but they do not “hit the bottom-line” because there are neither short-term financial benefits nor product cost reductions. This fact can act as a disincentive to change the production system (Ahlström & Karlsson, 1996). In The Goal(Goldratt & Cox, 1986) there is an example of the fact that a simple manufacturing improvement based on the reduction of the transfer batch size between workstations leads to an apparent increase in per unit product cost (Equation 1) even though the plantoperating cost (operating expense according to Goldratt) has not gone up. This is only true while there is unused capacity, but the costing system ignores whether there is or not and assumes that extra work always needs extra labor) in consequence, Goldratt and Cox (1986) state that cost accounting is the number one enemy of productivity and they put forward their own accounting approach termed throughput accounting. In a similar way, a reduction in inventories of finished products results in an increase in costs and therefore in a reduction of profit. Table 1 shows such a situation. Till period n -1, the company produces in order to meet warehouse inventory needs. In period n, with the same sales figures, manufacturing is adjusted to net demand and, by the end of the period, the warehouse is empty. In that period, manufacturing capacity is not used to the full, and fixed production costs are the same as in previous periods. In consequence, the cost of the product apparently increases. According to cost reports such as Table 1, transition to lean manufacturing yields an increase in product cost, a reduction in productivity, a diminution in a current asset (inventories), and a reduction in profit (or even financial losses).In this example, incurred fixed production costs (wages) are allocated to products; if a predetermined rate was used, the cost of the products would not be different from the one in period n. The under absorbed incurred cost would be considered as the cost of unused capacity and the final profit would be 500: In order to get rid of inventories, workers have produced less and a part of the incurred (fixed) cost has not yielded any earnings.

Categories
Uncategorized

Evaluation of students’ competencies

Evaluation of industrial engineering students’ competencies for process improvement in hospitals, The failures to properly educate students about process improvement can be seen as major factor leading to increased risks of patient safety and increased wastes in hospital settings. The purpose of this research was two-fold: 1) to identify characteristics that explain the efficacy of Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) based-tools while used by Industrial Engineering (IE) students on multidisciplinary teams in hospital; 2) to identify competencies needed by IEs for effective process improvement in hospital using PDSA based-tools. Exploratory mixed method design approach with survey study, unstructured interviews, and focus group discussions was used to collect the data. A regression analysis was used to identify PDSA based-tool characteristics perceived by IE students as instrumental for process improvement. Next, the abductive inference was applied to analyze qualitative data in order to investigate competencies needed for effective process improvement using PDSA based-tools.Using regression analysis, we found the brainstorming via visualization, recognizing root-cause(s) of the problem and selecting improvement measures via linking the process flow with task(s) characteristics to be the significant characteristics. From qualitative data analysis, we learned that IE students strived in technical analysis but lacked competencies in analyzing qualitative data needed for change implementation efforts. There is Evaluation increasing evidence that success in achieving process improvement goals is at least partially attributable to implementation processes and contexts and not just to the nature of the technical solution. Therefore, IE students interested in working in hospitals must develop new competencies related to qualitative data analysis to manage change initiatives.

 

Categories
ARTIKEL

Apa Itu Dioda Listrik?

Dioda Listrik

Dioda Listrik

Apa itu dioda listrik? Dioda Listrik digunakan untuk tujuan mengubah arus menjadi arus searah. Itu mampu mengalihkan arus ke arah yang diinginkan. Dioda Listrik memungkinkan transfer energi dalam satu arah dengan lebih mudah daripada yang lain. Biasanya diwakili oleh persegi dengan garis vertikal melintasi titik pusat. Ini digunakan untuk melindungi sirkuit listrik dari medan magnet bolak-balik yang berbahaya dengan membatasi arus ke arus searah. Dioda Listrik ini terdiri dari dua lapisan semikonduktor seperti galium arsenida dan turmalin.

Dioda menghasilkan arus dalam bentuk ion, yang sangat berbahaya. Medan listrik di dekat permukaan dioda melewati lapisan tengah semikonduktor. Ini menyebabkan arus dihasilkan ketika elektron di dekat permukaan semikonduktor bergerak ke arah tertentu. Dioda memiliki kontrol atas pergerakan elektron, yang menjadikannya sumber energi yang efisien. Namun, karena bahaya yang ditimbulkannya, dioda listrik tidak boleh diletakkan di dekat bahan yang mudah terbakar.

Dioda memiliki potensial dioda yang sebanding dengan arus. Ketika arus melewati dioda itu mengeluarkan ion yang tertarik ke pusat dioda. Saat arus yang melewati dioda meningkat, jumlah ion yang dihasilkan juga meningkat. Jika arus yang melalui dioda dinaikkan ke tingkat di mana ia akan menghasilkan uap, arus akan dimatikan secara tiba-tiba yang menyebabkan kebakaran.Ada beberapa aplikasi yang berbeda dari dioda listrik. Dalam satu aplikasi itu adalah detektor semikonduktor. Dengan menyesuaikan arus dioda listrik, para ilmuwan dapat menyetel detektor sehingga dapat mendeteksi medan magnet tingkat rendah. Aplikasi lain digunakan untuk beralih. Pada aplikasi ini dioda listrik dapat diatur sehingga pada saat dihidupkan arus padam dan sebaliknya.Dioda bekerja paling baik berpasangan atau dalam kelompok tertentu dari dua atau lebih. Ketika arus dihidupkan, semikonduktor tereksitasi dan akan menghasilkan medan listrik yang akan mendorong elektron dari daerah sekitarnya. Ketika arus dimatikan, semikonduktor akan berhenti menghasilkan medan dan elektron akan menjadi netral.

Karena dioda listrik menghasilkan sinyal jenis pulsa, sering digunakan sebagai rangkaian kontrol untuk aplikasi microchip. Misalnya, beberapa orang menggunakan dioda listrik untuk mengontrol kecerahan layar komputer. Ini dilakukan dengan menyalakan lampu terang saat komputer dinyalakan. Kemudian ketika layar gelap, lampu terang akan dimatikan.

Categories
Uncategorized

Hello world!

Welcome to BLOG MAHASISSWA UNIVERSITAS MEDAN AREA. This is your first post. Edit or delete it, then start writing!